Royal Canadian Mounted Police
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Operational Manual - Conducted Energy Weapon

Amended: 2012-02-06

1. General

1. 1. Only the Advanced Taser M26 (model 44000) and Taser X26E (Law Enforcement) (model 26012) conducted energy weapons (CEW) are approved for RCMP operational use as an intervention option to control a subject and avert injury to any person.

NOTE: As each Taser M26 reaches its life expectancy, it will be replaced by a Taser X26E. No new Taser M26 will be purchased.

1. 2. The fluorescent yellow stickers on the CEW are intended to differentiate it from the pistol and must not be removed or altered under any circumstance.

1. 3. Subject to sec. 1.6., only trained members and certified instructors who have successfully completed the CEW User Course (HRMIS Code 000028) or the CEW Instructor Course (HRMIS Code 000029) are permitted to use a CEW operationally.

NOTE: Candidates participating in the CEW User Course, CEW Instructors Course or the Cadet Training Program may handle/use the CEW under the supervision of an instructor as prescribed by course material.

1. 4. Members certified to use the CEW must re-certify annually.

1. 5. Members' CEW training and re-certification must be documented on HRMIS.

1. 6. Members whose CEW certification has lapsed must not use the CEW operationally until the re-certification training has been completed.

2. Definitions

2. 1. Acutely agitated or delirious person includes, but is not limited to, a person demonstrating one or more symptoms, such as substance abuse coupled with severe mental and physical exhaustion, or hyper-aggressiveness often characterized by extreme agitation, profuse sweating, hostility, exceptional strength and endurance without apparent fatigue.

2. 2. Data download means the retrieval of information, recorded and stored in the CEW about its deployment, through the data port-function by connecting the data port to a computer. A data download provides information about CEW usage which can be valuable to an investigation.

2. 3. Medically high risk situation includes, but is not limited to:

2. 3. 1. the deployment in probe mode for longer than 5 seconds, and

2. 3. 2. the deployment in either probe or push stun mode against:

2. 3. 2. 1. an elderly person,

2. 3. 2. 2. a child,

2. 3. 2. 3. a person the member has reason to believe is pregnant,

2. 3. 2. 4. an acutely agitated or delirious person, or

2. 3. 2. 5. a person the member has reason to believe has a medical condition that may be worsened by use of a CEW.

2. 4. Operational cartridge means an RCMP-approved cartridge for operational use and training, except scenario-based training.

2. 5. Probe mode means the deployment of an activated CEW by discharging and propelling two electrical probes, equipped with small barbs that hook onto a subject's clothing or skin, allowing electrical energy to be transferred to that subject.

2. 6. Push stun mode means pressing or pushing an activated CEW onto designated push/stun locations on a subject, allowing electrical energy to be transferred to that subject.

2. 7. Training cartridge means the RCMP-approved blue simulation air cartridge for scenario-based training.

2. 8. Use of a CEW means when:

2. 8. 1. a CEW is activated;

2. 8. 2. a CEW is drawn from its holster (activated or not); or

2. 8. 3. reference to the use of a CEW is made in gaining control of a situation.

3. Deployment

3. 1. General

3. 1. 1. The CEW must only be used in accordance with CEW training, the principles of the Incident Management/Intervention Model (IM/IM) and when a subject is causing bodily harm, or the member believes on reasonable grounds, that the subject will imminently cause bodily harm as determined by the member’s assessment of the totality of the circumstances. See also ch. 17.1.

NOTES:

  1. In accordance with sec. 2., CC, bodily harm is defined as any hurt or injury to a person that interferes with the health or comfort of the person and that is more than merely transient or trifling in nature.
  2. Members’ actions must be reasonable and the force used must be necessary in the circumstances. Members must fully and accurately report and articulate their actions. Supervisors/managers will ensure all reporting requirements are complied with and appropriately evaluate all interventions to ensure compliance with RCMP directives.

3. 1. 2. All members must recognize that any use of force entails risk.

3. 1. 3. Where tactically feasible, members will use de-escalation techniques and/or other crisis intervention techniques before using a CEW.

3. 1. 4. Where tactically feasible, members will issue a verbal warning so the subject is aware that a CEW is about to be deployed.

3. 1. 5. Where tactically feasible, members should avoid targeting the chest area or any areas higher than the bottom of a subject's rib cage. See App. 17-7-3 for the preferred targeting areas highlighted in blue.

3. 1. 6. Multiple deployment or continuous cycling of the CEW may be hazardous to a subject. Unless situational factors dictate otherwise, members must not cycle the CEW for more than 5 seconds on a subject and will avoid multiple deployments.

3. 1. 7. Members should make every effort to take control of the subject as soon as possible following the deployment of a CEW, and if possible during the CEW deployment.

NOTE:The CEW is not intended as a restraint device.

3. 1. 8. Acutely agitated or delirious persons may be at a higher risk of death. Whenever possible, when responding to reports of an individual who is violent or in an acutely agitated or delirious state, request the assistance of emergency medical services. If possible, bring medical assistance to the scene.

3. 1. 9. For cold-weather limitations for model M26, see sec. 7.2.3.

4. Voluntary Exposure

4. 1. Only candidates taking the CEW User Course or the CEW Instructor Course or the Cadet Training Program are permitted to participate in the CEW Voluntary Exposure Exercise. Any such exposure is to be done under the direct supervision of an RCMP CEW Instructor.

NOTE: Do not permit any member of the public to participate in a CEW voluntary exposure exercise.

5. Deployment Aftercare

5. 1. After deploying a CEW, advise the subject that he/she has been subjected to a CEW deployment, and that the effects are expected to be short term.

5. 2. Whenever possible, in medically high risk situations, request medical assistance before using the CEW. If medical assistance is not requested or a CEW deployment is necessary before the arrival of medical assistance, obtain medical assistance as soon as practicable.

5. 3. Members must ensure that the subject receives medical assistance if the subject has any apparent medical or physical injury or affliction, the subject is in distress, or the subject requests medical assistance. See ch. 19.2. for policy related to assessing responsiveness/medical assistance.

5. 4. A member with current first aid certification may remove the probes following the deployment of a CEW in probe mode, unless a probe is lodged in a sensitive part of the body, such as the eye or the groin, or the subject's condition warrants medical attention.

5. 5. Members will remove the probes from a subject in a manner that least interferes with the privacy and dignity of that subject, while providing for the safety of the member and the subject.

5. 6. If a medical or physical injury or affliction is claimed or observed, members will do the following:

5. 6. 1. Make note of any injury or affliction they observe, and any injury or affliction described by the subject;

5. 6. 2. Photograph the injury or afflicted area as observed, or the area of the injury or affliction as described by the subject and secure as evidence;

5. 6. 3. If feasible, request a statement relative to any injury or affliction from the subject;

5. 6. 4. Collect the expended cartridge and probes as taught in CEW training, and secure them as an exhibit for a minimum of 90 days. Cartridges that are not required for criminal, civil, or code of conduct investigations can be disposed of after 90 days; and

5. 6. 5. Where possible, dispose the probes in a sharps container.

6. Reporting and Accountability

6. 1. Member

6. 1. 1. Before signing out a CEW for operational duty:

6. 1. 1. 1. Examine the CEW for any damages or obstructions to the electrical contacts and cartridges;

6. 1. 1. 2. If there is no apparent damages or obstructions to the electrical contacts and cartridges, conduct a spark test;

6. 1. 2. Do not use or carry a CEW with any damage or obstruction to the electrical contacts;

6. 1. 3. Complete all information in the CEW sign out log form 6333;

6. 1. 4. Record the serial number of the CEW in your notebook;

6. 1. 5. As soon as practicable, each time the CEW is used, notify your supervisor;

6. 1. 6. Record on the investigative file any medical or physical injury or affliction;

6. 1. 7. As outlined in ch. 17.8., complete a Subject Behaviour/Officer Response (SB/OR) report every time a CEW is used, and attach the completed copy to the operational file. For the definition of ‘use’ of a CEW, see sec. 2.8;

6. 1. 8. If a CEW is unintentionally discharged, report the incident to your supervisor and record the details in your notebook; and

6. 1. 9. Where applicable, follow division reporting directives.

6. 2. Supervisor

6. 2. 1. Ensure members submit a SB/OR report. When a CEW was used, review reports for adherence to applicable policies as soon as practicable.

6. 2. 2. To make changes or additions after submission of an SB/OR report, unlock the SB/OR report and have the submitting member make the required changes or additions and resubmit. Attach a copy of the revised report to the operational file in addition to the original report to ensure changes are tracked.

6. 2. 3. If an injury to a member occurs as a result of the use of a CEW, complete form 3414. See OSM ch. 3.

6. 3. Commander

6. 3. 1. Ensure that members under your command are aware of the directives in this chapter.

6. 3. 2. Ensure the original CEW package received contains one CEW, fully charged Digital Power Magazine (DPM), one instruction book, one DVD, and one holster (Blade Tech Tek-Lok - for plain clothes use only).

NOTE: Approved holsters for uniform and ERT must be ordered separately, see App. 17-7-1

6. 3. 3. Maintain a sign out log form 6333 for each CEW assigned to the unit by recording the time, date and name of each member signing out a CEW.

6. 3. 4. Keep an adequate supply of CEWs, RCMP-approved holsters, CEW operational cartridges and replacement batteries/DPMs on hand.

6. 4. Division

6. 4. 1. Ensure that supervisors as well as Divisional Use of Force Coordinators/delegate review all SB/OR reports when a CEW was used as soon as possible after they are completed for adherence to applicable directives.

6. 4. 2. Follow divisional internal processes and reporting requirements to ensure that any matter associated to CEW usage is resolved, including referral to division Professional Standards when appropriate, if an issue is identified during the review.

6. 4. 3. If required by provincial or territorial policy, forward quarterly and annual reports on CEW use to the appropriate provincial or territorial ministry.

6. 4. 4. Ensure that divisional Criminal Operations maintain a record of the following:

6. 4. 4. 1. all the CEWs in the division and applicable serial numbers;

6. 4. 4. 2. all CEW maintenance activities, findings or actions taken; and

6. 4. 4. 3. the current location of each CEW and its operational status.

6. 5. National Criminal Operations

6. 5. 1. Review all SB/OR reports as soon as practicable after they are completed to ensure consistency with national directives.

6. 5. 2.If an issue is identified during the review process, notify respective divisional Criminal Operations.

6. 5. 3. Complete an annual internal audit on the SB/OR database.

6. 5. 4. Complete quarterly and annual reports on CEW use, including statistical information for each division.

6. 6. Chief Information Office (CIO)

6. 6. 1. Appropriately maintain and manage the SB/OR database for the National Criminal Operations (NCROPS).

6. 6. 2. Immediately report any issue associated with the SB/OR database to the NCROPS.

7. Maintenance and Control

7. 1. General

7. 1. 1. The CEW is a prohibited firearm. The CEW and its cartridges must be secured in accordance with the Public Agents Firearms Regulations.

7. 1. 2. CEWs must be carried in an RCMP-approved holster (see App. 17-7-1) on the member's non-dominant side, e.g. opposite the sidearm.

7. 2. Batteries

7. 2. 1. Model X26E

7. 2. 1. 1. The X26E uses a model-specific, digital power magazine (XDPM).

7. 2. 1. 2. Replace the XDPM when the percentage life reads below 20% on the digital display.

7. 2. 1. 3. XDPMs below 20% may be used for training.

7. 2. 1. 4.Dispose of the XDPM when it drops to 1.
CAUTION: Continued use at 0% may damage the CEW.

7. 2. 2. Model M26

7. 2. 2. 1. Given the specialized and particular power supply requirements for the M26, only RCMP-approved batteries are to be used. See App. 17-7-2 for battery-reconditioning method.

7. 2. 2. 2. On the M26, the battery indicator light is a simple "power indicator" light when used with NiMH batteries. A spark test is the only approved and reliable method to assess the state of the NiMH batteries and the functionality of the CEW.

7. 2. 2. 3. Use only the following authorized AA batteries listed in order of preference: Taser International (Rechargeable NiMH 44700); and Eveready Energizer ACCU (Rechargeable NiMH in 2100 mA or more.

7. 2. 3. Model M26 Precautions

7. 2. 3. 1. Ensure batteries are properly charged at all times, particularly during severely cold temperatures.

7. 2. 3. 2. Avoid exposing the M26 CEW to temperatures below -10°C for extended periods.

7. 2. 3. 3. At -20°C or below, when practicable, carry the CEW and cartridges in a warm area.

7. 3. Operational/Training Cartridges

7. 3. 1. Operational Cartridges permitted for operational use, with both the M26 and X26E are: TASER Standard Air Cartridge model 44200 with 21-foot filament.

NOTE: This is a newer version of the currently approved TASER Standard Air Cartridge model 34222 which is no longer available for purchase. Model 34222 is still approved and will be phased out through attrition.

7. 3. 2. Training Cartridges permitted for use in training are: blue TASER simulation Air Cartridge model 44205 with a 21-foot, non-conductive nylon wire for use in RCMP scenario-based training. This training cartridge will be purchased only by CEW instructors or Division Training Coordinators.

7. 3. 3. Monitor operational cartridges. They are marked with a five-year expiration date.

7. 3. 4. If the operational cartridge has not been deployed in five years or is damaged, immediately replace it with a new operational cartridge.

7. 3. 5. You may use expired operational cartridges for training purposes, except for scenario-based training.

7. 3. 6. Do not use or carry damaged CEW cartridges.

7. 3. 7. An operational cartridge should not be stored and carried in the extended DPM of the Taser Model X26E. Cartridges are to be stored in the cartridge carrier/holder provided on the holster.

7. 4. Repair and Replacement

7. 4. 1. In compliance with the Canada Labour Code, faulty or malfunctioning CEWs must be marked or tagged accordingly and be removed from service.

7. 4. 2. The supervisor will:

7. 4. 2. 1. ensure faulty or malfunctioning CEWs are removed from service, are properly tagged and immediately sent to a qualified person designated by the Cr. Ops. Officer to conduct CEW data downloading. See shipping procedures in FM ch. 6.4.4.

7. 4. 2. 2. after the download is complete, ensure the CEW is returned to the Senior Armourer, "Depot" Division for repair or replacement. See FM ch. 6.4.

7. 4. 3. If the CEW is being shipped for independent testing as part of an investigation, follow the shipping procedures outlined in FM ch. 6.4.4.

8. Data Downloads

8. 1. General

8. 1. 1. The following individuals are qualified to conduct CEW data downloads: CEW Instructor Trainers, the RCMP Armourer, and any other qualified person designated by the Cr. Ops. Officer.

8. 1. 2. Follow the same shipping process (see FM ch. 6.4.4.) if the CEW is being shipped specifically for a data download for an investigation about CEW usage or yearly storage of data and resetting of the internal clock to Greenwich Mean Time.

8. 2. Division

8. 2. 1. Download and store the data from all CEWs in your division at least once a year.

8. 2. 2. Ensure the CEW's internal clock is reset to the correct Greenwich Mean Time at least once a year.

8. 2. 3. Ensure a data download is conducted on all CEWs being sent for independent testing.

9. Independent CEW Testing

9. 1. General

9. 1. 1. Independent testing of a CEW at a designated testing facility will be completed when:

9. 1. 1. 1. an incident involves injury requiring medical treatment or death proximal to the use of a CEW;

9. 1. 1. 2. a CEW malfunctioned;

9. 1. 1. 3. a supervisor of an incident, a Divisional Use of Force Coordinator, a Criminal Operations Officer, or NCROPS determines that testing is warranted in the circumstances, including in order to address any concerns about the performance of a CEW or the circumstances or impacts of its use; or

9. 1. 1. 4. before a new CEW is put into operational service.

9. 1. 2. Divisions will institute an independent testing regimen for all model M26 CEWs annually and at least 10% of the model X26s in the division’s CEW inventory each year. Results will be reported to NCROPS. If specific provincial or territorial policy requires additional testing of CEWs, affected divisions will ensure compliance with those provincial/territorial requirements.

9. 1. 3. Testing of the CEW will determine the working state of the CEW and whether the weapon is functioning as per the manufacturer’s specifications.

9. 1. 4. The CEW must be packaged and shipped in accordance with FM ch. 6.4.4. to the address provided by NCROPS.

9. 1. 5. A CEW that tests outside of the manufacturer’s specifications will be removed from service by the Division and will be returned to the armourer for destruction.

9. 2. Division

9. 2. 1. Testing will be conducted at division expense.

9. 2. 2. Divisional Criminal Operations are to contact the DG NCROPS for the designated testing facility.

9. 2. 3. Divisional Criminal Operations will ensure that a record of the output test results is maintained for each CEW by serial number.

References

  • Morrison, A., & Sadler, D. (2001). Death of a psychiatric patient during physical restraint.
  • British Columbia: Office of the Police Complaints Commissioner, TASER Technology Review - Final Report, File number 2474, April 2005.
  • Manojlovic et al (for the Canadian Association of Chiefs of Police - August 22, 2005). Review of Conducted Energy Devices - Canadian Police Research Center, Technical Report, TR-01-2006.
  • Criminal Code