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Firearms Licensing in Canada

Canadian Firearms Program

Firearms Licensing in Canada

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In Canada, EVERYONE who possesses or acquires a firearm MUST be licensed to do so - whether the firearm falls into the nonrestricted, restricted or prohibited class. A firearms licence is also required to purchase ammunition.


Licensing pertains to individuals (or businesses); it is the process through which the privilege to possess and acquire firearms is established and maintained.

Safety Training

In order to apply for a firearms licence, an individual must first demonstrate knowledge of firearms safety. Firearms safety training courses, overseen by the RCMP Canadian Firearms Program, teach students how to safely handle, use and s tore firearms.

Applying for a Firearms Licence

Information on firearms safety courses and firearms licence applications are available
on the RCMP Canadian Firearms Program (CFP) website (,
from regional CFP Chief Firearms Officer offices or by calling 1-800-731-4000.

Firearms Licence Renewal

Firearms licences are typically valid for five years. It is essential that licence holders notify the CFP of address changes so renewal reminders and other information are sent to the correct address.

1-800-731-4000 (sans frais)